MFC 001 Solved Assignment 2021-22


Course Code : MFC-001

Course Title : Folklore and Culture:

Conceptual Perspectives

Assignment Code : MFC-001/TMA-01/2021-22

Coverage : All Blocks


MFC 001 Solved Assignment 2020-21 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204)  just after payment…

Attempt all questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1. Attempt a critical note on the introduction of folklore studies as an academic discipline in India.

Let us now focus on the growth of folklore studies in India. Because of its bewildering richness in oral traditions, India enjoyed a special place in the international folklore scholarship. Its many racial and linguistic cultural traditions caught the attention of many anthropologists and folklorists. The works of Max Müller and Theodore Benfey on Indian myths and folktales bear the testimony how Indian folklore resources contributed to the theoretical development of folklore studies. A characteristic feature of Indian culture and civilization has been the continuity of some of the oldest oral and written traditions of the world. The Vedas, great epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the Upanishads and Puranas, and bulky anthologies of folktales such as Hitopadesa, Brihatkatha, Kathasaritsagara, Betal-Pancavimsatika, Jataka do exemplify the vibrancy of oral and written traditional creativity in India since ancient times.

However, the study of folklore on Indian soil, in modern systematic ways, began only after the coming of the British. Jawaharlal Handoo, one of the foremost scholars of folklore studies from India, has divided the growth of folklore studies in India into three periods: the Missionary Period, the Nationalistic Period and the Academic Period.

The Christian missionaries, who started their mission of spreading Christianity in India since the time of early nineteenth century, were eventually the first batch of collectors and publishers of the first-hand resources of Indian traditional cultural lives at various regions. These missionaries, who visited the remotest corners of the country for preaching the Christian faith amongst the rural Indians, came in contact with the hitherto unexplored rural traditional settings of the diverse Indian communities. As J. Handoo noted, “These Anglo-Saxon fathers recorded all kinds of information – habits, manners, customs, oral traditions, rituals etc – about their subjects. They used some of this information in spreading the Christian faith and were successful in delivering their main message through the native symbols. Most of these writings were published and form a part of the great treasures of folklore we [the Indians] possess about our own past. Looked from this viewpoint, these works of missionaries are of great historical value to a student of Indian folklore” (Handoo 1989: 135)

Folklore studies, also known as folkloristics, and occasionally tradition studies or folk life studies in the United Kingdom, is the branch of anthropology devoted to the study of folklore. This term, along with its synonyms, gained currency in the 1950s to distinguish the academic study of traditional culture from the folklore artifacts themselves. It became established as a field across both Europe and North America, coordinating with Volkskunde (German), folkeminner (Norwegian), and folkminnen (Swedish), among others.

To fully understand the term folklore studies, it is necessary to clarify its component parts: the terms folk and lore. Originally the word folk applied only to rural, frequently poor, frequently illiterate peasants. A more contemporary definition of folk is a social group which includes two or more persons with common traits, who express their shared identity through distinctive traditions. "Folk is a flexible concept which can refer to a nation as in American folklore or to a single family." This expanded social definition of folk supports a wider view of the material considered to be folklore artifacts. These now include "things people make with words (verbal lore), things they make with their hands (material lore), and things they make with their actions (customary lore)". The folklorist studies the traditional artifacts of a group. They study the groups, within which these customs, traditions and beliefs are transmitted.

2. Examine the interrelationships among ‘tribal’, ‘folk’ and ‘classical’ cultures and discuss some of the problems faced by the strict/rigid definitions of culture.

3. Folklore is a visual subject—do you agree? Give a few case studies to authenticate your argument.

MFC 001 Solved Assignment 2021-22 

MFC 001 Solved Assignment 2020-21 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204)  just after payment…

4. Define the following:

(A) Language death

 (B) Sanskritization and Palace Paradigm

 (C) Folklore studies in Indian and Western context.

 (D) Conservation and preservation: some legal and ethical issues

MFC 001 Solved Assignment 2020-21 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204)  just after payment…

5. Write short notes on the following:

(A) Women’s protest against patriarchy.

 (B) Heritage and cultural construct.

(C) Archives.

 (D) Oral and written traditions.

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