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MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Social Anthropology

MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

Course code: MAN 001

Assignment Code: MAN 001/ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100

                                                     SECTION A

Q1. Discuss the intellectual foundations for the emergence of a science of society. Discuss the history and growth of social anthropology as a subject.

The emergence of a science of society and the growth of social anthropology as a subject are rooted in the intellectual foundations of various disciplines, including philosophy, sociology, and anthropology. Let's explore these foundations and the historical development of social anthropology:

Intellectual Foundations for the Emergence of a Science of Society:

Enlightenment Philosophy:

Thinkers like Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim in the 19th century were influenced by Enlightenment ideas. They advocated for the scientific study of society based on empirical evidence and systematic observation.


Comte's positivism emphasized the application of the scientific method to the study of society. This approach sought to identify and understand social laws governing human behavior.

Evolutionary Theory:

The influence of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution also played a role. Social evolutionists like Herbert Spencer applied Darwinian principles to the development of societies, proposing that societies evolve in a linear progression.

Historical Materialism:

Karl Marx's historical materialism provided a framework for understanding societal change based on economic factors. This perspective emphasized the role of class struggle and material conditions in shaping societies.

History and Growth of Social Anthropology:

19th Century Beginnings:

The roots of social anthropology can be traced to the 19th century when anthropologists like Lewis Henry Morgan and Edward Tylor explored the study of cultures and societies. They focused on the comparative method to understand cultural diversity.

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Boasian Anthropology:

Franz Boas, often considered the father of American anthropology, rejected unilinear evolution and emphasized cultural relativism. Boasian anthropology focused on the detailed, context-specific study of cultures, challenging ethnocentrism.

Structural Functionalism:

Functionalism, associated with Bronisław Malinowski and A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, emphasized the study of social institutions and their functions in maintaining social order. This approach aimed to uncover the underlying structures that contribute to societal stability.

Cultural Anthropology:

In the mid-20th century, cultural anthropology emerged as a distinct subfield. Scholars like Margaret Mead and Clifford Geertz contributed to the understanding of culture as a system of symbols and meanings.

Symbolic and Interpretive Anthropology:

During the late 20th century, symbolic and interpretive approaches gained prominence. Scholars like Victor Turner and Clifford Geertz focused on the interpretation of symbols and meanings in cultural contexts.

Postmodernism and Beyond:

In recent decades, social anthropology has been influenced by postmodernist perspectives, challenging grand narratives and embracing multiple perspectives. The field has also engaged with issues such as globalization, post-colonialism, and the impact of technology on societies.

In summary, the intellectual foundations for the emergence of a science of society include Enlightenment philosophy, positivism, evolutionary theory, and historical materialism. The growth of social anthropology has been marked by various theoretical shifts, from the comparative method to cultural relativism, functionalism, and symbolic interpretation. The discipline continues to evolve, adapting to new theoretical perspectives and addressing contemporary issues in the study of societies and cultures.

Q2. Define marriage. Critically discuss the changing dynamics in marriage.

Q3. Discuss structuralism with reference to Claude Lévi-Strauss’s work.

Q4. Discuss feminism with reference to the anthropological works.

Q5. Write short notes:

a. Fieldwork

b. Cultural relativism


Q6. Outline the main approaches to the study of religion. Describe any one of them in detail.

Q7. Write a note on Neo-evolutionism.

Q8. What is shamanism? Describe the various types of shamans.

Q9. What is shifting cultivation? Discuss its merits and demerits.

Q10. Write short notes:

a. Victor Turner

b. Potlatch and Kula ring

MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.


Dear Learner,

You have to submit one assignment in each course, i.e. MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24. All these are Tutor Marked Assignments (TMAs). Before attempting the assignments, please read the instructions provided in the Programme Guide carefully.

Kindly note, you have to submit these assignments to the Coordinator of your Study Centre within the stipulated time for being eligible to appear in the term-end examination. You must mention your Enrolment Number, Name, Address, Assignment Code and Study Centre Code on the first page of the assignment. You must obtain a receipt from the Study Centre for the assignments submitted and retain it. Keep photocopies of the assignments with you.

After evaluation, the assignments have to be returned to you by the Study Centre. Please insist on this and keep a record with you. The marks obtained by you will be sent by the Study Centre to the Student Evaluation Division at IGNOU, New Delhi.

Guidelines for Doing Assignments

There are five questions in each assignment, all carry equal marks. Attempt all the questions in not more than 500 words (each). You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

Planning: Read the assignments carefully. Go through the units on which they are based, make some points regarding each question and then rearrange them in a logical order

Organization and Presentation: Be analytical in your selection of the information for your answer. Give adequate attention to the introduction and the conclusion. Make sure that your answer is logical and coherent; has a proper flow of information.

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