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MANE 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MANE 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Human Growth and Development

MANE 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

Course code: MANE 002

Assignment Code: MANE 002/ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100


Q1. Discuss in brief approach to human growth and development.

Human growth and development is a lifelong process that involves physical, cognitive, emotional, and social changes. There are several theoretical perspectives that provide frameworks for understanding and studying human development. Here's a brief overview of some key approaches:

Biological Approach:

Focuses on physical aspects of development, including genetic influences, hormonal changes, and maturation.

Examines how genetics, nutrition, health, and environmental factors contribute to physical growth and overall well-being.

Cognitive Approach:

Emphasizes mental processes such as thinking, learning, memory, and problem-solving.

Piaget's stages of cognitive development and Vygotsky's sociocultural theory are influential in this perspective.

Psychosocial Approach:

Developed by Erik Erikson, this approach emphasizes the importance of social and emotional factors in development.

Erikson proposed a series of psychosocial stages, each associated with a particular challenge or crisis that individuals must navigate.

Behavioral and Social Learning Approach:

Focuses on observable behaviors and the influence of the environment on behavior.

B.F. Skinner and Albert Bandura are notable figures in this approach, with concepts such as operant conditioning and social learning theory.

Psychoanalytic Approach:

Developed by Sigmund Freud, this approach emphasizes the role of unconscious processes in shaping behavior.

Freud's theory includes stages of psychosexual development, and later theorists like Erikson expanded on this to include psychosocial stages.

Ecological Systems Approach:

Proposed by Urie Bronfenbrenner, this approach considers the impact of multiple interacting systems on development.

Mane 002 solved assignment 2023 24 pdf; Mane 002 solved assignment 2023 24 ignou

The microsystem (immediate environment), mesosystem (interactions between microsystems), exosystem (external settings), macrosystem (cultural values), and chronosystem (changes over time) are key components.

Lifespan Perspective:

Considers development as a lifelong process that encompasses infancy to old age.

Developmental tasks and challenges vary across different life stages, and individuals continue to grow and adapt throughout their lives.

Humanistic Approach:

Emphasizes personal growth, self-actualization, and the pursuit of one's potential.

Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Carl Rogers' person-centered approach are central to this perspective.

Understanding human growth and development involves integrating insights from these various approaches. Researchers and practitioners often draw on multiple theories to gain a comprehensive understanding of the complex and dynamic nature of human development across the lifespan.

Q2. Discuss in brief nutritional epidemiology.

Q3. Briefly discuss the contribution by Heath and Carter.

Q4. Describe the lifestyle factors affecting growth.

Q5. Define and differentiate between any two of the following:

a) Centile and SD Growth

b) Negative secular trend and Absence secular trend

c) Distance curve and velocity


Q6. Describe the methods of studying growth.

Q7. Briefly explain body composition in context of age and different racial groups.

Q8. Describe in brief postnatal growth.

Q9. Discuss the limitations and new approaches in somatotyping.

Q10. Write short notes on any two of the following:

a) Importance of assessing nutritional status

b) Dietary history

c) Theories of Ageing

MANE 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.


Dear Learner,

You have to submit one assignment in each course, i.e. MANE 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24. All these are Tutor Marked Assignments (TMAs). Before attempting the assignments, please read the instructions provided in the Programme Guide carefully.

Kindly note, you have to submit these assignments to the Coordinator of your Study Centre within the stipulated time for being eligible to appear in the term-end examination. You must mention your Enrolment Number, Name, Address, Assignment Code and Study Centre Code on the first page of the assignment. You must obtain a receipt from the Study Centre for the assignments submitted and retain it. Keep photocopies of the assignments with you.

After evaluation, the assignments have to be returned to you by the Study Centre. Please insist on this and keep a record with you. The marks obtained by you will be sent by the Study Centre to the Student Evaluation Division at IGNOU, New Delhi.

Guidelines for Doing Assignments

There are five questions in each assignment, all carry equal marks. Attempt all the questions in not more than 500 words (each). You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

Planning: Read the assignments carefully. Go through the units on which they are based, make some points regarding each question and then rearrange them in a logical order

Organization and Presentation: Be analytical in your selection of the information for your answer. Give adequate attention to the introduction and the conclusion. Make sure that your answer is logical and coherent; has a proper flow of information.

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