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MANI 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MANI 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Physical Anthropology

MANI 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

Course code: MANI 002

Assignment Code: MANI 002/ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100


Q1. Define and discuss the aims and scope of physical anthropology.

Physical anthropology, also known as biological anthropology, is a subfield of anthropology that focuses on the biological aspects of human beings, their evolution, and variation. The discipline is concerned with understanding the biological and behavioral adaptations of humans and their non-human primate relatives. The aims and scope of physical anthropology encompass several key areas:

Human Evolution: One of the primary focuses of physical anthropology is the study of human evolution. This involves investigating the fossil record, comparative anatomy, and molecular biology to trace the evolutionary history of humans and their ancestors. Physical anthropologists seek to understand how and why humans evolved, as well as the factors that influenced the development of distinct human characteristics.

Primatology: Physical anthropologists study non-human primates (such as monkeys and apes) to gain insights into the behavior, anatomy, and social structures that may provide context for understanding human evolution. Comparative studies help researchers identify shared traits and unique characteristics within the primate order.

Human Variation: Physical anthropology explores the diversity and variability within the human species. This includes the study of genetics, population genetics, and the ways in which environmental factors contribute to physical variations among human populations. Researchers examine how and why certain traits are distributed across different populations.

Bioarchaeology: This sub-discipline involves the analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites. Bioarchaeologists use skeletal evidence to reconstruct aspects of past populations, such as health, diet, activity patterns, and population dynamics. This contributes to our understanding of the lives of ancient human groups.

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Forensic Anthropology: Physical anthropologists may apply their knowledge to forensic investigations, helping identify individuals from skeletal remains. They use techniques such as skeletal analysis, DNA analysis, and facial reconstruction to assist in criminal investigations or the identification of historical individuals.

Medical Anthropology: This area explores the intersection of biology, culture, and health. Physical anthropologists working in medical anthropology study how cultural practices, social structures, and environmental factors influence patterns of health and disease within human populations.

Practical Applications: Physical anthropology has practical applications in areas such as medicine, genetics, and public health. Understanding human biological variation and evolution can inform medical research, contribute to disease prevention strategies, and enhance our understanding of the factors influencing human health.

In summary, the aims and scope of physical anthropology encompass the study of human evolution, biological variation, primatology, bioarchaeology, forensic anthropology, medical anthropology, and the practical applications of this knowledge. Researchers in this field seek to unravel the complexities of human biology and behavior, providing valuable insights into our past, present, and future.

Q2. Discuss in brief the major races in the world.

Q3. Discuss Heath-Carter’s method of somatotyping and its advantages and limitations.

Q4. What are the skeletal changes due to the erect postures and its implications?

Q5. Define and differentiate between any two of the following:

a) Relevance of menarche and relevance of menopause

b) Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating

c) Infectious diseases and non-infectious diseases


Q6. Critically discuss Lamarckism.

Q7. What do you understand by applied physical anthropology? Discuss its application in designing equipments and forensic anthropology.

Q8. Describe the acclamatory adjustments of human beings in extreme hot conditions.

Q9. Briefly discuss different methods of human genetic study.

Q10. Write short notes on any two of the following:

a) Branches of Physical Anthropology

b) Kinanthropometry

c) UNESCO Statement on Racial classification

MANI 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.


Dear Learner,

You have to submit one assignment in each course, i.e. MANI 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24. All these are Tutor Marked Assignments (TMAs). Before attempting the assignments, please read the instructions provided in the Programme Guide carefully.

Kindly note, you have to submit these assignments to the Coordinator of your Study Centre within the stipulated time for being eligible to appear in the term-end examination. You must mention your Enrolment Number, Name, Address, Assignment Code and Study Centre Code on the first page of the assignment. You must obtain a receipt from the Study Centre for the assignments submitted and retain it. Keep photocopies of the assignments with you.

After evaluation, the assignments have to be returned to you by the Study Centre. Please insist on this and keep a record with you. The marks obtained by you will be sent by the Study Centre to the Student Evaluation Division at IGNOU, New Delhi.

Guidelines for Doing Assignments

There are five questions in each assignment, all carry equal marks. Attempt all the questions in not more than 500 words (each). You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

Planning: Read the assignments carefully. Go through the units on which they are based, make some points regarding each question and then rearrange them in a logical order

Organization and Presentation: Be analytical in your selection of the information for your answer. Give adequate attention to the introduction and the conclusion. Make sure that your answer is logical and coherent; has a proper flow of information.

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