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MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Environmental Anthropology

MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

Course code: MANE 005

Assignment Code: MANE 005/ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100


Q1. Discuss in brief basic concepts of ecology.

Ecology is the scientific study of the relationships between living organisms and their environment. It encompasses a wide range of scales, from individual organisms to entire ecosystems, and examines the interactions between organisms and their physical and biological surroundings. Here are some basic concepts in ecology:

Organism: The basic unit of study in ecology is the individual organism. Ecologists examine how organisms interact with each other and their environment to meet their basic needs for survival and reproduction.

Population: A population consists of a group of individuals of the same species living in a specific area at a given time. Ecologists study population dynamics, including factors such as birth rates, death rates, and migration patterns.

Community: A community is formed by the populations of different species living in the same area and interacting with each other. Community ecology focuses on the relationships between species, such as predation, competition, and mutualism.

Ecosystem: An ecosystem is a biological community and its physical environment, functioning as an ecological unit. It includes living organisms (biotic factors) and the non-living components like soil, water, and air (abiotic factors). Ecosystem ecology studies energy flow and nutrient cycling within these systems.

Biome: A biome is a large geographic biotic unit characterized by specific types of plants, animals, and climate. Examples include deserts, rainforests, tundras, and grasslands.

Biosphere: The biosphere is the sum of all Earth's ecosystems, where life exists. It includes the atmosphere, lithosphere (Earth's solid outer layer), and hydrosphere (all water on Earth). The biosphere is the highest level of ecological organization.

Habitat: A habitat is the specific environment in which an organism or community of organisms lives. It provides the necessary resources, such as food, water, and shelter, for the organisms to survive.

Niche: A niche refers to the role or function of an organism or species within an ecosystem. It includes how an organism obtains its energy and nutrients, where it lives, and how it interacts with other organisms.

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Biotic and Abiotic Factors: Biotic factors are living components of an ecosystem, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms. Abiotic factors are non-living elements, including temperature, sunlight, soil, and water, that influence the distribution and behavior of organisms.

Ecological Succession: Ecological succession is the process by which an ecosystem undergoes changes in its structure and species composition over time. Primary succession occurs in newly formed habitats, while secondary succession occurs after disturbances like fires or clear-cutting.

Understanding these basic concepts helps ecologists analyze the intricate web of interactions within ecosystems and gain insights into the functioning and dynamics of the natural world.

Q2. Discuss the domains of applications in environmental anthropology.

Q3. Briefly discuss development of arid and semiarid areas: Social perspective

Q4. Settlement and subsistence. Discuss.

Q5. Write short notes on any two of the following:

d) Ecological succession

e) Ecology of global consumer culture

f) Environmental legislation


Q6. Briefly discuss the notable contributions on application of concept of ecosystem in anthropology.

Q7. What is environmental justice? Discuss its principles in brief.

Q8. Describe cultural ecology and natural resource management.

Q9. Discuss colonial and post colonial forest policies in India.

Q10. Write short notes on any two of the following:

a) Limitation of the Ecosystem concept

b) Conservation as social and political process

c) Ecofeminism and Environment.

MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.


Dear Learner,

You have to submit one assignment in each course, i.e. MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2023-24. All these are Tutor Marked Assignments (TMAs). Before attempting the assignments, please read the instructions provided in the Programme Guide carefully.

Kindly note, you have to submit these assignments to the Coordinator of your Study Centre within the stipulated time for being eligible to appear in the term-end examination. You must mention your Enrolment Number, Name, Address, Assignment Code and Study Centre Code on the first page of the assignment. You must obtain a receipt from the Study Centre for the assignments submitted and retain it. Keep photocopies of the assignments with you.

After evaluation, the assignments have to be returned to you by the Study Centre. Please insist on this and keep a record with you. The marks obtained by you will be sent by the Study Centre to the Student Evaluation Division at IGNOU, New Delhi.

Guidelines for Doing Assignments

There are five questions in each assignment, all carry equal marks. Attempt all the questions in not more than 500 words (each). You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

Planning: Read the assignments carefully. Go through the units on which they are based, make some points regarding each question and then rearrange them in a logical order

Organization and Presentation: Be analytical in your selection of the information for your answer. Give adequate attention to the introduction and the conclusion. Make sure that your answer is logical and coherent; has a proper flow of information.

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