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MANE 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MANE 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Human Genetics

MANE 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

Course code: MANE 001

Assignment Code: MANE 001/ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100


Q1. What is Human Genetics? Discuss the importance of human genetics in physical anthropology.

Human genetics is the study of inheritance as it occurs in human beings. It encompasses a wide range of topics, including the structure and function of genes, the patterns of inheritance, and the variation of traits among individuals and populations. Human genetics is a multidisciplinary field that draws on principles from biology, genetics, medicine, anthropology, and other related disciplines.

In the context of physical anthropology, which is the branch of anthropology that focuses on the biological aspects of human beings, human genetics plays a crucial role in understanding the genetic basis of human variation, evolution, and adaptation. Here are some key aspects of the importance of human genetics in physical anthropology:

Population Genetics:

Human genetics helps physical anthropologists study the genetic composition of populations and understand how genes are distributed within and among different groups. This information is essential for investigating human evolution, migration patterns, and population history.

Adaptation and Evolution:

Human genetics provides insights into the genetic adaptations that have occurred in human populations over time. By examining genetic variations related to traits such as skin color, lactose tolerance, and resistance to certain diseases, physical anthropologists can infer how human populations have evolved in response to environmental pressures.

Human Variation:

Physical anthropologists use human genetics to explore the variation in physical traits among individuals and populations. This includes the study of both visible traits (phenotypic variation) and genetic variation at the molecular level. Understanding the genetic basis of traits helps researchers uncover the mechanisms behind human diversity.

Disease Studies:

Genetic studies are crucial for investigating the genetic basis of various diseases. Physical anthropologists contribute to the understanding of the distribution of genetic disorders in different populations, shedding light on the history and migration patterns of human groups.

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Forensic Anthropology:

Human genetics plays a role in forensic anthropology, where genetic markers are used for individual identification, paternity testing, and ancestry determination. DNA analysis has become a powerful tool in forensic investigations and is often used to solve crimes or identify human remains.

Ethical Considerations:

The study of human genetics in physical anthropology raises ethical considerations, especially in areas such as genetic testing, gene editing, and the potential for discrimination based on genetic information. Anthropologists contribute to the ethical discourse surrounding these issues.

In summary, human genetics is integral to the field of physical anthropology, providing valuable insights into the origins, variations, and adaptations of human populations. The study of genetic diversity enhances our understanding of human evolution, migration patterns, and the complex interplay between genes and environment.

Q2. Define Hardy-Wienberg law. Discuss its importance in human population genetics.

Q3. Briefly examine the Inborn Errors of metabolism in man with suitable examples.

Q4. Describe the structure of DNA and briefly comment on its salient features.

Q5. Write short notes any two of the following:

(a) Down syndrome

(b) Meiotic cell division

(c) Inbreeding

(d) Cytogenetics


Q6. Define DNA polymorphism. Briefly discuss various forms of DNA polymorphism.

Q7. What is Genedtic Counselling? Briefly describe the procedure involved in carrying out genetic counselling.

Q8. What is Bioinformatics? Briefly discuss any three tools of Bioinformatics.

Q9. Define Genetic epidemiology. Discuss the scope of genetic epidemiology in human genetic research.

Q10. Write short notes on any two of the following:

(a) Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (ELSI) in human genetics research

(b) G6PD deficiency

(c) Human Genome project

(d) Prenatal diagnosis

MANE 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.


Dear Learner,

You have to submit one assignment in each course, i.e. MANE 001 Solved Assignment 2023-24. All these are Tutor Marked Assignments (TMAs). Before attempting the assignments, please read the instructions provided in the Programme Guide carefully.

Kindly note, you have to submit these assignments to the Coordinator of your Study Centre within the stipulated time for being eligible to appear in the term-end examination. You must mention your Enrolment Number, Name, Address, Assignment Code and Study Centre Code on the first page of the assignment. You must obtain a receipt from the Study Centre for the assignments submitted and retain it. Keep photocopies of the assignments with you.

After evaluation, the assignments have to be returned to you by the Study Centre. Please insist on this and keep a record with you. The marks obtained by you will be sent by the Study Centre to the Student Evaluation Division at IGNOU, New Delhi.

Guidelines for Doing Assignments

There are five questions in each assignment, all carry equal marks. Attempt all the questions in not more than 500 words (each). You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

Planning: Read the assignments carefully. Go through the units on which they are based, make some points regarding each question and then rearrange them in a logical order

Organization and Presentation: Be analytical in your selection of the information for your answer. Give adequate attention to the introduction and the conclusion. Make sure that your answer is logical and coherent; has a proper flow of information.

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